The greenstone designs, which all have special meanings to the Maori people, range from very detailed Heitiki (human like) carvings to the simple, yet beautiful spirals and fish hooks. The fish hook for example represents strength and determination and brings peace, prosperity and good health. It also provides a safe journey over water.
The greenstone is polished to give a smooth and shiny finish that is beautiful to touch. They are usually around 5cm in length. Some older Heitiki carvings have red wax added around the eyes and others have New Zealand paua shell eyes. This Heitiki design is also used throughout Polynesia wooden sculptures and paintings.